Texas A&M University-Texarkana Assistant Professor of Psychology Dr. Dana Leighton recently won a $1000 Preregistration Challenge prize from the Center for Open Science for publication of a recent article entitled “Political Extremity, Social Media Use, Social Support, and Well-being for Emerging Adults During the 2016 Presidential Election Campaign” in the journal Emerging Adulthood.
The prize, supported by the Laura and John Arnold Foundation, was designed to help encourage the preregistration of scholarly research. The process of preregistration helps separate hypothesis-generating research from hypothesis-testing research and can aid in the quality and transparency of the research itself, according to the Center for Open Science. Dr. Leighton was the only professor from the 11 universities in the Texas A&M University System to receive the award.
Dr. Leighton’s research focused on how political extremity, social media use, and social support affected the overall well-being for adults between the ages of 18 and 29. The following is a brief synopsis of the research, taken from the published work:
The 2016 U.S. presidential election was marked by hostile political
discourse, often on social media, where users were exposed to
divergent, and potentially distressing, political discourse. This
research explores the effects of this election on the well-being of
emerging adults who receive the majority of their news via social
media. Using data from the Emerging Adulthood Measured at
Multiple Institutions 2 Study, we expected greater social media
use to be associated with greater perceived stress, and lower
well-being, among emerging adults who are more politically
extreme, and expected these relationships would be moderated
by social support and social media use. Our preregistered analysis
did not support our hypotheses. Although there were some
effects of extremity on stress and well-being, overall the direction
of the effects were inconsistent and neither social media use nor
social support was found to moderate the effects of extremity on
stress and well-being.
The full article published by Dr. Leighton can be found at the following link: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2167696818810618. More information about the preregistration of research is available from the Center for Open Science on the organization’s website: https://cos.io/prereg/.